Project Design

Cairo Conference Session 3.4: Creating More Competitive Business Environments - Competition and Regulation (2005)

    The Papers and powerpoint presentations on the right hand side come from Session 3.4 on 30th November 2005 in Cairo, "Creating More Competitive Business Environments - Competition and Regulation". This Session focused on the promotion of competitive business environments through the use of competition policy and law, and improving the regulatory regime for business.

    Competitive business environments draw from the power of markets. Markets are powerful mechanisms that can be shaped by policy to work to society's advantage. Competitive markets put pressure on suppliers to offer goods and services to consumers at the lowest possible prices. Competitive business environments encourage innovation and the use of the most effective methods of production and boost growth.

    a) Promoting Competition Policy: The Role of Donors, by John Preston
    John Preston is a consultant to the UK Department for International Development in London; he presented a Paper on the role of donor agencies when supporting the implementation of competition policy in developing countries. Competition policy regimes are part of the overall business environment, for domestic and foreign investors alike. An effective competition policy and law allows innovative new entrants an important role in the development process. It also makes bribery and corruption less likely. Moreover, where competition policy is part of an open and well-regulated economy, it can help encourage both domestic investment and FDI, because it increases investor confidence.

    b) Improving Business Environments through Regulatory Impact Analysis, by Peter Ladegaard
    Peter Ladegaard is responsible for regulatory governance in the FIAS - World Bank Group in Washington DC. He presented a paper on the ways regulatory impact analysis can be used to improve the business environment in developing countries. Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) is a tool now used in most developed countries to improve the understanding of economic and social welfare impacts of regulation. It is widely recognized as an important mechanism which can contribute to improving the business environment, and to promote regulatory efficiency and effectiveness. Peter's paper provides a framework and strategy for implementing RIA in developing countries, urging a flexible, pilot-driven, step-by-step approach. It gives examples from Serbia, Macedonia and the Slovak Republic.

    c) Regulatory Impact Assessment in Developing Countries: Some Lessons from Uganda, by Richard Waddington
    Richard Waddington, from Bannock Consulting in London, presented a case study on the DFID-supported programme to introduce and embed regulatory impact assessments in policy- and law-making processes in Uganda.

    Associated Activities and Documents
    Synthesis documents
    »Donor Committee Conference: Reforming the Business Environment - from assessing problems to measuring results, Cairo, 29 November to 1 December 2005